Universiteit Maastricht

Structural change and industrial development in the BRICS

Auteur(s): Naudé, W.; Szirmai, A.; Haraguchi, N.

Jaar: 2015

Bron: Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Type: Boek

Arbeidsmarktmonitor Metalektro 2014

Auteur(s): Gerards, R.; Grip, A. de; Hoon, M.L.A. de; Künn-Nelen, A.C.; Poulissen, D.

Jaar: 2015

Bron: ROA Reports 002. Maastricht: Research Centre for Education and the Labour Market.

Type: Rapport / Working paper

Samenvatting:
Met genoegen bieden de auteurs van het Researchcentrum voor Onderwijs en Arbeidsmarkt (ROA) en opdrachtgever Stichting A+O Metalektro u de Arbeidsmarktmonitor Metalektro 2014 aan. De monitor bevat analyses van de actuele en toekomstige ontwikkelingen op personeels- en arbeidsmarktgebied in de Nederlandse Metalektro. De uitkomsten van deze analyses kunnen als input dienen bij het ontwikkelen van personeels- en arbeidsmarktbeleid door metalektrobedrijven, de sociale partners en andere partijen.

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Does on-the-job informal learning in OECD countries differ by contract duration

Auteur(s): Ferreira Sequeda, M.T.; Grip, A. de; Velden, R.K.W. van der

Jaar: 2015

Bron: GSBE research memorandum 021. Maastricht: GSBE.

Type: Rapport / Working paper

Samenvatting:
Several studies have shown that employees with temporary contracts have a lower training participation than those who have a contract of indefinite duration. There is however no empirical literature on the difference in informal learning on-the-job between permanent and temporary workers. In this paper, we analyse this difference across twenty OECD countries using unique data from the recent PIAAC survey. Using an instrumented control function model with endogenous switching, we find that workers in temporary jobs engage in informal learning more intensively than their counterparts in permanent employment, although the former are, indeed, less likely to participate in formal training activities. In addition, we find evidence for complementarity between training and informal learning for both temporary and permanent employees. Our findings then suggest that temporary employment need not be dead-end jobs. Instead, temporary jobs with high learning content could be a stepping stone towards permanent employment. However, our results also suggest that labour market segmentation in OECD countries actually occurs within temporary employment due to the distinction between jobs with low and high learning opportunities.

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Market integration and cultural diversity in EU law

Auteur(s): Witte, B. de

Jaar: 2015

Bron: Vadi, V.; Witte, B. De (Eds.), Culture and international economic law, (pp. 193-207). Abingdon: Routledge.

Type: Boekdeel

Does early-career underemployment impact future career success? A path dependency perspective

Auteur(s): Verbruggen, M.; Emmerik, I.H. van; Gils, A.E.J. van; Meng, C.M.; Grip, A. de

Jaar: 2015

Bron: ROA Research Memoranda 007. Maastricht: Research Centre for Education and the Labour Market.

Type: Rapport / Working paper

Samenvatting:
This study examines the impact of three types of underemployment, i.e. level underemployment, content underemployment and contingent employment, on subsequent objective (i.e. salary) and subjective career success (i.e. job satisfaction) using a 10-year longitudinal dataset with 335 Dutch university graduates. Thanks to our longitudinal design, we were able to examine the impact of preceding underemployment and the specific timing of the underemployment in one’s career, in that way explicitly addressing the role of time in career success research. We tested our hypotheses through multilevel analyses. Level and contingent underemployment, but not content underemployment, were found to have a negative impact on future pay; whereas content employment, but not level or contingent underemployment, were found to affect job satisfaction five years later. In addition, for one type of underemployment (i.e., level underemployment), also the timing of the underemployment turned out to matter, indicating that the signal that level underemployment sends to employers may differ depending on when in one’s career it happens. Taken together, these findings point to the importance of using a path-dependency perspective when trying to understand people’s career success.

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Eigenwoningregeling

Auteur(s): Gorissen, N.H.A.

Jaar: 2015

Bron: Arnhem, Lezing gerechtshof Arnhem-Leeuwarden.

Type: Lezing / inaugurele rede

Virtual reality, real emotions: a novel analogue for the assessment of risk factors of post-traumatic stress disorder

Auteur(s): Dibbets, P.; Schulte-Ostermann, M.A.

Jaar: 2015

Bron: Frontiers in Psychology, : 681.

Type: Artikel

Samenvatting:
Most people are exposed to a violent or life-threatening situation during their lives, but only a minority develops post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Experimental studies are necessary to assess risk factors, such as imagery ability, for the development of PTSD. Up to now the trauma film paradigm (TFP) has functioned as an analogue for PTSD. This paradigm is known to induce involuntary intrusions, a core symptom of PTSD. Though useful, the film paradigm has a drawback, the participant remains an "outsider" and does not immerse in the film scenes. The aim of the present study was to develop a fitting virtual reality (VR) analogue for PTSD and to assess risk factors for the development of PTSD-symptoms, such as intrusions. To this end a novel VR paradigm was compared to the traditional TFP. Both the VR and TFP elicited a negative mood and induction-related intrusions. More immersion was observed in the VR paradigm compared to the TFP. The results of the risk factors were mixed; more imagery ability coincided with a higher intrusion frequency, but also with less distressing intrusions. The results, implications and suggestions for future research are discussed.

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Orthographic dependency in the neural correlates of reading: evidence from audiovisual integration in English readers

Auteur(s): Holloway, I.D.; Atteveldt, N.M. van; Blomert, L.; Ansari, D.

Jaar: 2015

Bron: Cerebral Cortex, 25(6), 1544-1553.

Type: Artikel

Samenvatting:
Reading skills are indispensible in modern technological societies. In transparent alphabetic orthographies, such as Dutch, reading skills build on associations between letters and speech sounds (LS pairs). Previously, we showed that the superior temporal cortex (STC) of Dutch readers is sensitive to the congruency of LS pairs. Here, we used functional magnetic resonance imaging to investigate whether a similar congruency sensitivity exists in STC of readers of the more opaque English orthography, where the relation among LS pairs is less reliable. Eighteen subjects passively perceived congruent and incongruent audiovisual pairs of different levels of transparency in English: letters and speech sounds (LS; irregular), letters and letter names (LN; fairly transparent), and numerals and number names (NN; transparent). In STC, we found congruency effects for NN and LN, but no effects in the predicted direction (congruent > incongruent) for LS pairs. These findings contrast with previous results obtained from Dutch readers. These data indicate that, through education, the STC becomes tuned to the congruency of transparent audiovisual pairs, but suggests a different neural processing of irregular mappings. The orthographic dependency of LS integration underscores cross-linguistic differences in the neural basis of reading and potentially has important implications for dyslexia interventions across languages.

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Disease detection or public opinion reflection? : Content analysis of tweets, other social media, and online newspapers during the measles outbreak in The Netherlands in 2013

Auteur(s): Mollema, L.; Harmsen, I.A.; Broekhuizen, E.; Clijnk, R.; Melker, H. De; Paulussen, T.; Kok, G.; Ruiter, R.A.C.; Das, E.

Jaar: 2015

Bron: Journal of Medical Internet Research, 17(5): e128.

Type: Artikel

Samenvatting:
Background: In May 2013, a measles outbreak began in the Netherlands among Orthodox Protestants who often refuse vaccination for religious reasons. Objective: Our aim was to compare the number of messages expressed on Twitter and other social media during the measles outbreak with the number of online news articles and the number of reported measles cases to answer the question if and when social media reflect public opinion patterns versus disease patterns. Methods: We analyzed measles-related tweets, other social media messages, and online newspaper articles over a 7-month period (April 15 to November 11, 2013) with regard to topic and sentiment. Thematic analysis was used to structure and analyze the topics. Results: There was a stronger correlation between the weekly number of social media messages and the weekly number of online news articles (P<.001 for both tweets and other social media messages) than between the weekly number of social media messages and the weekly number of reported measles cases (P=.003 and P=.048 for tweets and other social media messages, respectively), especially after the summer break. All data sources showed 3 large peaks, possibly triggered by announcements about the measles outbreak by the Dutch National Institute for Public Health and the Environment and statements made by well-known politicians. Most messages informed the public about the measles outbreak (ie, about the number of measles cases) (93/165, 56.4%) followed by messages about preventive measures taken to control the measles spread (47/132, 35.6%). The leading opinion expressed was frustration regarding people who do not vaccinate because of religious reasons (42/88, 48%). Conclusions: The monitoring of online (social) media might be useful for improving communication policies aiming to preserve vaccination acceptability among the general public. Data extracted from online (social) media provide insight into the opinions that are at a certain moment salient among the public, which enables public health institutes to respond immediately and appropriately to those public concerns. More research is required to develop an automatic coding system that captures content and user's characteristics that are most relevant to the diseases within the National Immunization Program and related public health events and can inform official responses.

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